Because the

Because the mastery degree of CPR techniques would decrease with time, a plan of continual training system should be made. According to the studies, 17 months after the first training most of the volunteers had mastered the core techniques of CPR and AED. The researches suggested that these tests should be further studied in practice [12,13]. CPR of cardiac arrest in special

situations was also suggested to be trained[14-16].The fact that the medical volunteers’ group training and persistence in regular intensified training and testing could improve their CPR performance qualities proved that it was necessary for medical workers to strengthen repeating, standard and effective training of CPR techniques, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and it was the Mt. Taishan International Mounting Festival Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical that brought the opportunity of improving CPR level to our country. Declarations This article

has been published as part of BMC Emergency Medicine Volume 13 Supplement 1, 2013: Proceedings of the 2012 Emergency Medicine Annual Congress. The full contents of the supplement Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical are available online at The publication costs for this article was funded by the 88th Hospital of PLA, Tai’an Shandong Province, 271000,China.
Trauma systems facilitate the transport of patients to receive treatment at designated Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Vandetanib Sigma hospitals and have been shown to reduce patient mortality in Australia [1] and

internationally [2]. The New South Wales (NSW) trauma system was introduced in 1991, and has been formally monitored since 2002 [3]. Following the trauma system implementation, NSW trauma centres (referred to as major trauma centres) receive higher volumes of trauma and currently admit more trauma patients than any other state/territory in Australia due to its greater population size [4]. In NSW, major trauma centres are funded using the find more episode funding model. Episode funding uses Australian Refined Diagnostic Related Groups (AR-DRGs) to describe the patient’s Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical illness or injury. Each admitted patient is allocated an AR-DRG classification after hospital discharge. The state-wide average patient costs for each AR-DRG form the basis of hospital funding [5]. However in cases of trauma, many of the AR-DRGs that are typically assigned are not unique to trauma. Within each AR-DRG there can be a wide range of diagnoses, injuries, complexity and severity [6], which potentially leads to underfunding Brefeldin_A of acute trauma treatment [6-8]. Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) have been integrated into trauma systems to provide timely treatment and transport trauma patients to designated hospitals. The acronym HEMS has become synonymous with specialist retrieval systems that may include helicopter, fixed wing and road ambulance transportation. In this study HEMS applies strictly to helicopter transportation.

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