“Both electric and magnetic field-induced switching behavi

“Both electric and magnetic field-induced switching behaviors between a high resistive state and a low resistive one are observed in (La0.73Bi0.27)(0.67)Ca0.33MnO3. The effects of magnetoresistance and electric-resistance suggest that the applied electric field and magnetic field greatly tune the percolative paths in the phase-separated system. According to the experimental results, the switching behaviors may come from the coexistence of the charge ordering state, and localized and freedom ferromagnetic states, in which the external

field destroys partially the localized ferromagnetic states and charge ordering leads to the ferromagnetic state growth, which causes a switch between a high resistive

state and low resistive one. This makes the doped manganite a good system for both electric and magnetic field sensor materials.”
“Background: Neuroendocrine β-Nicotinamide in vivo Nutlin-3a clinical trial tumours (NET) of the appendix are rare histopathological neoplasms detected following operation for appendicitis in childhood. The role (if any) for radical surgery notably right hemicolectomy (RHC) has often reflected the ‘expert opinion’ of adult general surgeons with wider experience of managing NET lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. Critical decisions have focused on (a) tumour size, (b) histology, (c) tumour location/invasion and (d) positive lymph nodes. Against this background we report the clinical outcome of children with ‘incidental’ appendix carcinoid tumours managed at two regional Ion Channel Ligand Library manufacturer UK paediatric surgery centres. A critical review of the literature is additionally provided in an effort to define contemporary patterns of care in paediatric surgical practice. Methods: Hospital records and pathology database(s)

identified 27 patients at two UK centres with a confirmed histological diagnosis of appendix NET lesions during January 1997-January 2013. A PUBMED and EMBASE search strategy-(English language publications only), 1975-present, was performed to gather information on all patients younger than 20 years at primary diagnosis with NET appendix tumours to review their management and outcomes. Results: All 27 patients treated at the two institutions had acute appendicitis including 3 cases presenting with an appendix mass. Twenty-five underwent appendicectomy with two having interval operations. Tumours had a maximum diameter of 2-18 mm (median 9 mm) with 73% of lesions located at the appendix tip. Fourteen (52%) had tumour invading the mesoappendix. All patients underwent appendicectomy only with no single case having RHC or additional surgery. Surveillance studies (5HIAA, chromogranin-A) and imaging including ultrasound or CT were deployed in a minority of patients revealing no abnormality.

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