bracarensis strains were identified. The white phenotype
of C. nivariensis was confirmed. Most strains of the new species do not present any of the tested YPS genes. “
“The aim of this study was to apply the microfluidic cell-chip technology for susceptibility testing. The cell-chip technology was tested with ATCC Candida strains to determine their viability and susceptibility against amphotericin B and fluconazole. Fungal cells were labelled by Sytox Green, and measurements were carried out in the cell chips of the Agilent Bioanalyzer 2100 system. Results obtained by the chip technology were compared with the standard macrodilution method and conventional flow cytometry. Determination of minimum inhibitory concentration values was based on the differentiation between living and dead cells. The Ganetespib in vivo Dasatinib supplier cell-chip method was found to be suitable for the detection of Candida cells, for the differentiation between dead and living cells and for the determination of amphotericin
B and fluconazole susceptibility of fungal cells. The minimum inhibitory concentration values obtained by the standard macrodilution, the flow cytometry and the cell-chip method showed good correlation. “
“Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is an endemic systemic infection in several countries of Latin America. The few registered cases in Mexico most likely do not reflect the real frequency. Disseminate the epidemiological and clinical data of unreported cases of PCM in Mexico from 1972 until 2012 is the aim of this work. Epidemiological and clinical Casein kinase 1 information
of non-published cases of PCM was requested from the principal mycological diagnosis centres in Mexico. A total of 93 cases were received. The infection was found predominantly in men (95.7%), peasants (88.5%) and individual between 31 and 60 years of age. Most of the cases were found in tropical areas of the Gulf of Mexico (54.84%) and the Pacific littoral (20.3%). The main sites of dissemination were the oral mucosa (39.38%) and skin (34.05%). The most effective treatments were itraconazole alone and the combination of itraconazole with sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. PCM is a subdiagnosed pathology in Mexico. Therefore, adequate training is necessary to determine the current status of this mycosis. “
“Invasive Pilzinfektionen durch Aspergillus spp. treten überwiegend bei gestörter Immunabwehr auf. Sie sind auch heute noch mit einer hohen infektionsassoziierten Sterblichkeit von bis zu über 50% behaftet. Erkrankungen werden beim Menschen hauptsächlich durch Aspergillus fumigatus, A. flavus und A. niger verursacht. Andere Spezies, z. B. A. terreus oder A. nidulans, spielen quantitativ eine untergeordnete Rolle. Die Primärtherapie der invasiven Aspergillose ist in den letzten zehn Jahren durch die Einführung neuer Azole und der Echinocandine effektiver und sicherer geworden. Für die Erstlinientherapie ist Voriconazol Mittel der Wahl.