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“Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) is the major crystalline component found in kidney stones and its adhesion to renal tubular cells provokes tubular injury, which in turn enhances COM crystal adhesion. However, COM-induced toxic effects
in these tubular cells remain largely unknown. We performed a proteomics study to characterize changes in the selleck cellular proteome in MDCK distal renal tubular cells after an exposure to high-dose (1000 mu g/mL) COM crystals for 48 h, at which percentage of cell death was significantly increased. Proteins were extracted from MDCK cells cultured with COM-containing or COM-free medium (n = 5 individual flasks per group), resolved in individual 2-D gels, and stained with SYPRO Ruby fluorescence dye. Quantitative and statistical analyses revealed 53 proteins whose abundance levels were altered (25 were increased, whereas other 28 were decreased) by COM-induced toxicity. Among these, 50 were successfully
identified by quadrupole time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and/or tandem MS (MS/MS) analyses. The proteomic data were clearly confirmed by 2-D Western blot analysis. While three chaperones (GRP78, Orp150 and Hsp60) were increased, other proteins involved in protein biosynthesis, ATP synthesis, cell cycle regulator, cellular structure, and signal transduction were decreased. These data provide some novel mechanistic insights into the molecular mechanisms of COM crystal-induced tubular toxicity.”
“The Vorinostat concentration effects of insulin or insulin in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs on the proliferation and apoptosis of endometrial carcinoma cells were examined with an aim to determine the efficacy and safety of insulin in endometrial cancer therapy. Ishikawa and Hec-1A cells were GW786034 inhibitor treated with insulin and/or paclitaxel. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay. Cell cycle and cell apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry (FCM). Survivin gene expression was detected by RT-PCR. Our results showed that in a certain range of working concentrations and action time, insulin could mildly augment
cell proliferation and the percentage of S phase cells in endometrial cancer (Ishikawa/Hec-1A) cells. Insulin plus paclitaxel (combination group) could significantly inhibit cell proliferation (69.38%+/-2.32% vs 40.31%+/-4.52% with Ishikawa; 64.11%+/-6.33% vs 45.89%+/-3.27% with Hec-1A) and increase cell apoptosis compared with treatment with paclitaxel alone (paclitaxel group). Survivin gene expression was also significantly decreased in combination group as compared with paclitaxel group. We are led to conclude that insulin can mildly augment cell proliferation and present chemotherapy sensitivity in endometrial cancer cells. Insulin can be to used safely and efficiently in endometrial cancer therapy.”
“Background: Different reports from Middle East countries demonstrated Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) in transplant population.