Our data also suggest that buffering of intracellular pH alone ca

Our data also suggest that buffering of intracellular pH alone cannot completely explain the CO2 requirement of Hp. Our finding that there is no need to control

O2 tension for Hp cultivation at a high cell density may make it substantially easier for researchers to perform experiments with this fastidious pathogen. https://www.selleckchem.com/products/VX-809.html Methods Hp strains and culture conditions The Hp strain 26695 was purchased from American Type Culture Collection (Manassas, VA, USA) and also provided by Dr. A. van Vliet of Erasmus MC University, The Netherlands. Strain SS1 was provided by Dr. Y. H. Choe of Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, and strains 1061 and 11638 by Dr. A. van Vliet. Hp clinical strains G9 and A16 were isolated from antral biopsy specimens of Korean adolescents with gastritis and iron deficiency anemia, respectively. They were analyzed and published previously [30], and re-analyzed for this study. After revival from frozen stocks, the bacteria were pre-cultured for 24 to 48 Verteporfin molecular weight h on Brucella broth (BB; Difco, Sparks, MD, USA) agar plates containing 10% horse serum (Gibco BRL, Life Technologies, Rockville, MD, USA) at 37°C in an incubator under 10% CO2 or in a microaerobic jar (CampyGen gas packs, Oxoid, Hampshire, England). For experiments, cultured cells were collected from the agar plates, washed, and resuspended in BB liquid medium, and

then inoculated to the desired optical density at 600 nm (OD600) into BB liquid medium buffered with 10 mM sodium phosphate (pH 6.3) and supplemented with 10% new born calf serum (NBCS). Then, 20-ml aliquots were distributed into 100-ml flasks, which were filled with gas mixtures containing a range of O2 (0%, 5% or 20%) in the absence or presence of 10% CO2. The actual O2 levels in the culture flasks filled with gas mixtures were 2%, 8%, and 20%, respectively, as determined by Oxygen Indicator XP-3180 (New Cosmos Electric, Osaka, Japan). Bacterial cultures were incubated at 37°C with shaking at 200 rpm. Determination of bacterial growth VEGFR inhibitor profiles Hp

cells collected from agar plates were washed and inoculated into BB-NBCS (OD600, 0.1). Then, 20-ml aliquots were inoculated into 100-ml flasks, and cultured under various gas conditions. An aliquot of each culture was taken at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 h, and the OD600 and pH of the culture C-X-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CXCR-7) media were determined. The flasks were then filled with the appropriate gas mixtures and incubated further. These experiments were repeated without exposure to atmospheric O2; 15 flasks were inoculated with Hp and cultured under various gas conditions. One flask was taken to measure OD600 and media pH at each time point. To determine effect of different gas conditions on cell viability, each culture was serially diluted 10-fold with BB liquid medium, and 100-μl aliquots were spread on BB agar plates supplemented with 10% horse serum. The plates were incubated at 37°C under 10% CO2 atmosphere for 3 to 6 days, and the colonies were counted.

Comments are closed.