The increased production of IL6, IL8 and MCP1, HGF and IL1Ra in HC:MSC co-culture, further increased after ALF serum exposure, may contribute to this effect. These data also suggest that direct cell to cell contact may be necessary to induce HC and MSC to produce these cytokines, which may potentially have relevance for therapeutic application. Disclosures: The following people have nothing to disclose: Emer Fitzpatrick, Sunitha Vimalesvaran, Celine Filippi, Ragai R. Mitry, Tracey Dew, Charalambos G. Antoniades, Anil Dhawan Background & Aims: The optimal conditions for hepatocyte proliferation
should be clarified to address the impaired liver regeneration in cases of acute liver failure (ALF). Selumetinib ic50 The donors of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) demonstrate rapid liver regeneration and seem to have optimal conditions for liver regeneration, while ALF patients demonstrate impaired liver regeneration. We evaluated the significance of the serum AFP level and PT-INR level as markers for the induction of liver stem/progenitor cells (LPC) and GS-1101 order mature hepatocyte (MH) proliferation, respectively, by comparing the levels of these markers in LDLT donors and ALF patients. Methods: The serum AFP and PT-INR levels were serially determined in 73 patients with ALI/ ALF
and 11 donors who underwent LDLT. The LPC induction was histologically evaluated using CK-19 staining in 20 ALI/ ALF patients. Results: The PT-INR peaked on postoperative day 3 (POD3)
and then was normalized by POD7 in the donors. The level of AFP was not apparently elevated during the observation period in the LDLT donors, while the serum AFP levels were substantially elevated in the patients with ALI/ALF, and this correlated with the extension of hepatocyte necrosis, and was significantly correlated with the number of CK19-positive cells in the liver. Three of the 11 non-surviving patients and all of the surviving patients demonstrated a later peak AFP level than the PT-INR level, while all of the patients with an earlier peak AFP level before PT-INR 上海皓元 elevation died. Conclusions: The serum AFP level in ALI/ALF patients may reflect the severity of hepatocyte necrosis and the reactive induction of LPC. The substantial and persistent induction of LPC until sufficient regeneration of the MH may be necessary for the recovery from ALF. We demonstrated that the serum AFP level in the patients with ALI/ALF may be serum marker of LPC induction. An early decrease of serum AFP level and delayed elevation of the PT-INR level in patients with ALI/ALF may indicate a poor prognosis due to both impaired proliferation of LPC and retarded regeneration of the MH.