949, P = 0 051) which can be attributed to the high bat species r

949, P = 0.051) which can be attributed to the high bat species richness estimation in montane forest compared to observed bat species richness there. Table 1 The number of observed and estimated (Chao1) tree, bird and bat species, endemic species, threatened species and individuals in four forest types in the NSMNP on Luzon, the Philippines EPZ 6438 Species group/forest type Observed species richness Estimated species richness (Chao1) Rank Endemic species (% of observed species richness)a Rank (based on %) Threatened speciesb (% of observed species richness)a Rank (based on %) Observed individuals Trees MGF 9 9 4 0 (0) 4 0 (0) 3 3,769 LDF 293

390 2 110 (59) 1 21 (11) 1 11,146 UBF 409 457 1 76 (52) 3 13 (9) 2 29,579 MF 179 207 3 37 (59) 1 0 (0) 3 630 All 735     182 (55)   28

(9)   45,114 Birds MGF 35 50 4 17 (49) 4 0 (0) 4 265 LDF 121 139 1 60 (50) 3 6 (5) 2 2,435 UBF 75 83 3 45 (60) 2 3 (4) 3 680 MF 76 90 2 49 (65) 1 5 (7) 1 775 All 155     76 (49)   11 (7)   4,155 Bats MGF 7 8 4 2 (29) 4 1 (14) 3 173 LDF 22 24 1 7 (32) 3 2 (9) 4 541 UBF 11 11 3 4 (36) 1 2 (18) 1 81 MF 11 19 2 4 (36) 1 2 (18) 1 57 All 30     11 (37)   5 (17)   852 MGF mangrove forest, LDF lowland dipterocarp forest, UBF ultrabasic forest, MF montane forest a For trees, this is the proportion endemic and threatened species of all species identified to species level; b Species classified as critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable on the IUCN red list (IUCN red list of threatened species 2008) Estimated Selleckchem CB-839 species richness, endemism, threatened species and complementarity Among the four forest types compared, ultrabasic forest was the most species rich for trees (Chao1: 457 species; Table 1), followed by lowland dipterocarp forest (Chao1: 390 species) and montane forest (Chao1: 207 species). Mangrove forest was least species rich for trees (Chao1: 9 species), with no endemic or threatened species. The proportion of endemic trees (52–59% of identified species in Clomifene the lowland dipterocarp, montane and ultrabasic forest types) was lower than the 77% endemism reported for trees

in the country as a whole (Myers et al. 2000) which can be attributed to the fact that a considerable portion of species in our study was not identified to species level. Lowland dipterocarp forest had the highest proportion of threatened species (11%), followed by ultrabasic forest (9%). No threatened tree species were found in montane and mangrove forest. The complementarity in tree species between forest types was remarkably high (0.73–1) with most species unique to each type (Table 2). Epigenetics inhibitor Although lowland dipterocarp forest and ultrabasic forest had the lowest complementarity in tree species (0.73), together they had the highest combined tree species richness for any pair of two forest types (616 species).

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