Epoxidations were carried out using 30%(w/w) hydrogen peroxide at

Epoxidations were carried out using 30%(w/w) hydrogen peroxide at atmospheric pressure. The major product from the epoxidation of B30 was 1,2-epoxybutane-3-ol, with many potential applications.

RESULTS: The influence of temperature (20-60 degrees C), 1B3O/H(2)O(2) molar ratio (1 : 1-5 : 1), methanol concentration (5-90%(w/w)), TS-2 catalyst concentration (0.1-6.0%(w/w)) and reaction time (0.5-5.0 h) have been studied.

CONCLUSION: The epoxidation

process is most effective if conducted at a temperature of 20 degrees C, 1B3O/H(2)O(2) molar ratio 1 : 1, methanol concentration (used as the solvent) 80%(w/w), catalyst concentration Tariquidar cost 5%(w/w) and reaction time 5 h. (c) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry”
“Background: When monitoring serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-HD), AZD2171 it may be important to

assess the significance of variations in the concentrations in the same individual. Data on biological variation is helpful in assessing and estimating critical differences to detect significant changes. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the biological variations of serum 25-HD and other biomarkers (ie, calcium, phosphorus, and parathormone [i-PTH]) in healthy subjects.

Methods: We analyzed blood samples from 11 apparently healthy laboratory workers (6 women and 5 men; mean [SD] age, 46 [5.1] years; range, 39-55); the samples were obtained once a week for 12 weeks. All samples were analyzed in a single run in duplicate. Serum 25-HD concentrations find more were determined with the chemiluminescent analyzer LIAISON. For the same samples, we also determined the levels of parathormone (i-PTH), calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P). The intraindividual (CVI) and interindividual (CVG) biological variation reference change value (RCV) and the index of individuality (II) were calculated.

Results: The mean [SD] values

were 24.3 [5.5] ng/mL (range, 15.6 to 35.2) for 25-HD, 25.9 [4.3] pg/mL (range, 14.8 to 36.3) for i-PTH, 9.3 [0.4] (range, 8.6 to 11.8) mg/dL for Ca, and 3.7 [0.4] mg/dL (range, 2.8 to 4.8) for P. The CVI for 25-HD, i-PTH, Ca, and P was 4.7%, 14.8%, 3.1%, and 10.1%, respectively. The CVG was 64.3% for 25-HD, 22.4% for PTH, 5.0% for Ca, and 26.2% for P. The RCV calculated for 25-HD, i-PTH, Ca, and P was 18.0%, 42.6%, 9.4%, and 29%, respectively.

Conclusions: Our study reports data on intraindividual and interindividual biological variability in determinations of 25-HD and other biomarkers of bone metabolism. The individuality index of 25-HD was close to 0.6, showing that the RCV of 25-HD can provide the health care professional a useful tool to assess the significance of variations in serial measurements.”
“We report the case of an acutely ill 3-year-old female, with a previous medical history of Kawasaki disease, who presented to care with an acute myocardial infarction. We describe the coordinated therapies employed by pediatric and adult cardiologists aimed to establish coronary revascularization.

“The anatomical correlate of epileptic seizures with ecsta

“The anatomical correlate of epileptic seizures with ecstatic auras has not been established. We document precise descriptions of the ecstatic seizures experienced by five patients, all of whom reported intense feelings of well-being and a heightened self-awareness. We propose here that the descriptions by these patients, together with the neurophysiological and neuroradiological evidence, support a theoretical framework for understanding ecstatic states based on hyperactivation of the anterior insula, rather than the temporal lobe. Epileptologists who have

access to patients who experience episodic feelings of ecstasy and heightened self-awareness have an opportunity to provide insights that CH5183284 chemical structure might help clarify the neural basis of Consciousness. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“We present an overlooked and noteworthy historical case and illustration of a necrotizing fasciitis, observed SNX-5422 mw and written by John Bell (1763-1820), first

published in 1801. Considering the setting and the clinical presentation, we hypothesize that the pathogen responsible was the species Vibrio vulnificus. The typical clinical course of a rapidly progressive illness preceded by saltwater exposure shortly followed by the development of a hemorrhagic skin lesion, with a fatal outcome, should strongly suggest a V. vulnificus infection. To our knowledge, there are few historical case reports with illustrations included describing cases of necrotizing fasciitis, selleck compound particularly with V. vulnificus as the suggested pathogen. (C) 2010 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Aim: There is no further treatment option for metastatic colon patients who are refractory to

standard chemotherapy and to whom novel biological agents are not available. We evaluated the outcomes of mitomycin-C, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin in patients with metastatic colon cancer previously treated with oxaliplatin/5-FU/leucovorin and irinotecan/5-FU/leucovorin.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 46 patients who had received mitomycin-C/5FU/leucovorin between March 2008 and December 2009. All patients had failed prior first-line and second-line therapy containing oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and 5-FU.

Results: The median age of the patients was 57.0 years (range, 34.0-76.0) and their median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was 1 (0-2). A complete or partial response was not observed in any patient and stable disease was observed in 19 patients (41.3%). The median duration of follow up was 29 weeks (range 8-87 weeks). Median progression-free survival was 10 weeks (95% CI 8-12) and median overall survival was 38 weeks (95% CI 32-44). Grade 3 and 4 hematological toxicities included neutropenia in five patients (10.8%) and thrombocytopenia in four patients (8.8%). Grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic toxicities included nausea and vomiting in two patients. There were no treatment-related deaths.

“OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of energy-based vessel

“OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of energy-based vessel sealing compared with suturing in women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with respect to surgical outcomes.

DATA SOURCES: LBH589 concentration We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE.

We also screened references from relevant articles and searched trial registries and other sources of unpublished literature.

METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials comparing the use of energy-based vessel sealing devices with traditional suturing of vascular pedicles for vaginal hysterectomy, in women of any age, were included.

TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS: Two authors completed independent data extraction and bias assessment of included articles. We used the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and AZD1208 datasheet Evaluation methodology to assess bias across studies at

the outcome level. Data were pooled based on the random effects model. Seven studies met inclusion criteria (n = 662). Energy-based vessel sealing devices decreased operative time by a mean of 17.2 minutes (seven studies, 662 patients; 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.5-27.0) blood loss by a mean of 47.7 mL (five studies, 437 patients; 95% CI 15.5-79.9), drop in hemoglobin by 0.3 g/dL (two studies, 291 patients; 95% CI 0.1-0.6), and postoperative hospital stay by 0.25 days (five studies, 554 patients; 95% CI 0.13-0.37). There was no increase in the rate of complications for energy-based vessel sealing compared with traditional suturing.

CONCLUSION: This review suggests that energy-based vessel sealing devices may decrease operating time, blood loss, and hospital stay. There was no difference in complication rate and no studies investigated mortality or quality of life.

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO, http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO, check details CRD42011001124. (Obstet Gynecol 2011;118:1127-36) DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182324306″
“Underlying molecular

genetic mechanisms of diseases can be deciphered with unbiased strategies using recently developed technologies enabling genome-wide scale investigations. These technologies have been applied in scanning for genetic variations, gene expression profiles, and epigenetic changes for oral and craniofacial diseases. However, these approaches as applied to oral and craniofacial conditions are in the initial stages, and challenges remain to be overcome, including analysis of high throughput data and their interpretation. Here, we review methodology and studies using genome-wide approaches in oral and craniofacial diseases and suggest future directions. Oral Diseases (2013) 19, 111-120″
“This study compared the effects of external hex, internal octagon, and internal Morse taper implant-abutment connections on the peri-implant bone level before and after the occlusal loading of dental implants.

A vaginal pH < 4 5 is considered physiological and its measure

A vaginal pH < 4.5 is considered physiological and its measurement DMH1 cell line has been reported as an objective parameter, very sensitive to alterations of vaginal microflora and correlated with clinically relevant BV.

The aims of this work were to assess the effectiveness of a long-term (24 months) intravaginal treatment with Lactobacillus rhamnosus (NORMOGIN(A (R))) on the vaginal pH and on the clinical symptoms in a group of 40 women affected by BV diagnosed by the Amsel criteria.

A prospective open clinical trial was performed in 40 consecutive cases evaluated for B.V. by the Amsel criteria.

Vaginal pH was above the physiological

value of 4.5 in 36 out of 40 patients at the first visit. It returned Navitoclax under 4.5 value in 24/40 and 32/40 women after 12 and 24 months of treatment, respectively. pH values were significantly decreased at 12 month treatment (P < 0.001) and further reduction in pH values was found at 24 months of treatment (P < 0.02 vs. 12 months). The gradual

return to a vaginal physiological pH was associated with a reduction of the intensity of symptoms as shown by the decrease in the symptoms score.

The present study supports the use of pH measurement for sensitive, objective, and simple therapy follow-up in women with BV and shows that long-term administration of vaginal tablets containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus represents an effective and safe treatment for restoring the physiological vaginal pH and controlling BV symptoms.”

and aims: Hypertriglyceridemia is an important independent risk factor for coronary artery diseases and is determined by a wide range of factors, both genetic and exogenous. The A5 apolipoprotein, which is associated with the synthesis and removal of triglycerides (TG), is encoded by the APOA5 gene. One of the polymorphisms of this gene that has been the focus of a large number of studies, Evofosfamide and which appears to be associated with increased TG, is S19W (rs 3135506). In this study, we examined the influence of this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on TG levels of a sample of southern Brazilians.

Methods and results: Samples obtained from 567 people of European descent were genotyped; interactions between this variant and anthropometric variables were analyzed, and the effects of lifestyle, sex, menopause, and variations of the APOE gene were evaluated. We found that the 19W allele is associated with increased TG (p = 0.025) and that this influence was modulated by sex (p = 0.003), menopause (p = 0.022) and the presence of the E*4 allele (p = 0.027).

Conclusion: Our data showed, for the first time, the importance and magnitude of the influence of the S19W variant in a southern Brazilian population. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

“Leaves of Adenanthera pavonina, Moringa oleifera and Anno

“Leaves of Adenanthera pavonina, Moringa oleifera and Annona squamosa are used in traditional Thai medicine to

treat dysentery and other diseases. This study investigated the antibacterial activity check details of these plants against six species of foodborne pathogen. Methods and solvents employed to extract active constituents were optimised using the disc diffusion assay. Phytochemical analysis of the optimised extracts was performed by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) were determined by broth microdilution. A. pavonina contained flavonoids, terpines and tannins, and was the most active extract against Campylobacter jejuni, inhibiting growth at 62.5-125 mu g mL(-1). The A. squamosa extract contained flavonoids, terpines, tannins and alkaloids, and had the broadest spectrum of antibacterial activity, inhibiting Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and C. jejuni between 62.5 and 500 mu g mL(-1). MBCs were 2- to 4-fold higher than MICs against C. jejuni and B. cereus, suggesting the extracts are

bactericidal against these species. Negligible activity was detected from M. oleifera. The data presented here show that find more A. pavonina and A. squamosa could potentially be used in modern applications aimed at the treatment or prevention of foodborne diseases.”
“The certification of experts is an important constituent in a quality management concept in occupational dermatology. With the certificate “”Occupational Dermatology (ABD)”" the Task Force on Occupational and Environmental Dermatology (ABD) within the German Dermatological Society has developed a comprehensive CME concept in the field. The ABD seminars meet the current requirements of the statutory accident insurances and social welfare courts.

The new CME seminar curriculum 2010 of the ABD takes into account the recent pioneering achievements in occupational

dermatology, e. g. the optimized dermatologist’s report and the spectrum of recently implemented selleck products preventive measures as well as new regulations, and guidelines including the Bamberg Recommendation 2008/2009 on dermatological expert opinions, including skin cancer.

The ABD seminars ( total of 28 hrs) are subdivided into 4 consecutive modules ( 7 hrs each): basic, advanced and 2 special seminars, one of which covers occupational skin cancers. The seminars are interactive, based on practice-oriented discussions with experts from different disciplines ( occupational dermatology, social law). The seminars should be attended in a chronological order within 5 years. In order to maintain the certificate, one must attend a “”quality management workshop”" ( 7 hrs) at 5-year-intervals; this focuses on interdisciplinary case discussions of the current legal regulations and recent social welfare court decisions. More than 600 dermatologists have already been certified for occupational dermatology in Germany.

Additionally, a significant interaction was found between languag

Additionally, a significant interaction was found between language and early executive function scores and cerebral white matter volumes between groups, suggesting that young children born very low birth weight can have different trajectories in the growth and development of overall brain structure.”
“Nausea and vomiting are portrayed in the specialist palliative care literature as common and distressing symptoms affecting the majority of

patients with advanced cancer and other life-limiting illnesses. However, recent surveys indicate that these symptoms may be less common and bothersome than has previously been reported. The standard palliative selleck chemicals care approach to the assessment and treatment of nausea and vomiting is based on determining the cause and then relating this back to the “”emetic pathway”" before prescribing drugs such as dopamine antagonists, antihistamines, and anticholinergic agents which block neurotransmitters at different sites along the pathway. However, the evidence base for the effectiveness of this click here approach is meager, and may be in part because relevance of the neuropharmacology of the emetic pathway to palliative care patients is limited. Many palliative care patients are over the age of 65 years, making these agents difficult to use. Greater awareness of drug interactions and QT(c) prolongation are emerging concerns for all age groups. The selective serotonin receptor antagonists

are the safest antiemetics, but are not used first-line in

many countries because there is very little scientific rationale or clinical evidence to support their use outside the licensed indications. Cannabinoids may have an increasing role. Advances in interventional gastroenterology are increasing the options for nonpharmacological management. Despite these emerging issues, the approach to nausea and vomiting developed within palliative medicine over the past 40 years remains relevant. It advocates careful clinical evaluation of the symptom and the person suffering it, and an understanding of the clinical pharmacology of medicines GSK923295 clinical trial that are available for palliating them.”
“Background. Atherosclerosis may be initiated/accelerated by chronic dental infection (CDI). Noninvasively visualizing the carotid arteries is an accepted surrogate marker for determining coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA). We hypothesized that 36 individuals with radiographic carotid atheromas would have more radiographic CDI than risk-matched individuals without atheromas.

Methods. We determined the arithmetic sum of individuals’ periapical and furcal lesions, pericoronitis sites, carious roots, teeth with pulpal caries, and vertical bony defects (> 4 mm).

Results. Individuals with atheromas had a significantly (P < .01) greater mean score of 15.5 +/- 10.4 compared with control subjects (7.9 +/- 8.1). Similarly significant (P < .

Results: A total of 125 women were

referred for CTPA over

Results: A total of 125 women were

referred for CTPA over 5 years. A MWS of 6 or greater (“”High Risk”") was 100% sensitive and 90% specific with a positive predictive value of 36% for PE on CTPA. No patients with a low MWS (less than 6) had a PE, giving a-negative predictive value of 100%. p <= 0.001. D-dimers, chest X-ray, blood gases and EKG were significantly less effective than the MWS in aiding the diagnosis of PE. Conclusion: Current methods employed for the diagnosis of PE are inadequate. Risk stratification using the MWS may allow safe exclusion of PE before resorting to CTPA. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study to have used the MWS in a pregnant patient group.”
“The corrections necessary to estimate the risk for Down syndrome in twin pregnancies have been pointed out. We performed a nested controlled study to evaluate the validity of these corrections in dichorionic twins conceived by IVF.

Detailed RSL3 price clinical data was collected from the medical records. Twins were matched

with a contemporaneous cohort of spontaneously conceived singleton pregnancies that serve as reference in a 1 to 4 ratio. All patients had their entire obstetrical care at our Hospital. The Student t-test was used for group comparisons and a p-value < 0.05 was considered significant.

Nineteen sets of normal twins concordant in size and with appropriate weight for gestational age were matched with 80 normal and mature newborns. Significant differences between groups were found for maternal age, gestational age at delivery selleckchem and newborn weight (all p < 0.01). No statistical differences were noted for the levels of the biochemical markers expressed as multiples of the median. However,

a 15 % closer approximation to the laboratory median for PAPP-A and a 10 % closer approximation to the laboratory median LY2606368 for free beta-hCG was evident in twins when compared to the reference group.

These findings support the methods used to estimate the risk for Down syndrome in dichorionic twin pregnancies conceived after IVF. A future study with a larger sample size could confirm if the laboratory corrections done on the combined screening test improve the predictability of Down syndrome in dichorionic twin pregnancy conceived by IVF when compared to singleton pregnancies.”
“Although previous studies have demonstrated an association between ABO blood group and the risk of gastric cancer (GC), only one study has identified these associations using the ABO genotype; however, that study did not evaluate sex differences in this association. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there are sex-specific differences in the ABO genotype-associated risk of GC. In addition, we explored the association of the ABO genotype and the clinicopathologic characteristics of GC in a Korean population.

These findings indicated a definitive diagnosis of linear IgA/IgG

These findings indicated a definitive diagnosis of linear IgA/IgG bullous dermatosis. Chest computed tomography, bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy findings suggested nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. Direct immunofluorescence of the lung biopsy specimens using fluorescence microscopy also showed a deposition of IgA, IgG and C3 along the epithelial cell membranes and basement membranes

of the bronchioles and alveoli. Lung disorders associated with linear IgA/IgG bullous dermatosis are extremely rare and, to our knowledge, this is the first report of such a case of interstitial pneumonia. Copyright (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“The natural history of metastatic melanoma involving lymph nodes, in the absence CBL0137 of a known primary site (cutaneous, ocular or mucosal)

has, to date, been poorly defined; and the optimal management of this rare subtype of disease is therefore unclear. Melanomas of unknown primary site (MUP) are estimated to comprise between 3.7 and 6% of all melanomas (Anbari et al. in Cancer 79:1861-1821, 1997).

Between 2002 and 2007, 478 patients were treated for melanoma in our department in Cork University Hospital, five of whom presented with MUP. We discuss their cases herein.

We should continue to treat this cohort of patients with an aggressive surgical approach and consider them for adjuvant therapies currently used to treat stage III disease.”
“Objectives: To examine the outcome and prognostic factors of in-hospital

mortality in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) caused by Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) admitted to a medical intensive care unit.

Methods: https://www.selleckchem.com/products/nepicastat-hydrochloride.html A retrospective review was conducted of all patients with ARF from PCP in Ramathibodi Hospital between 2000 and 2006. Patient characteristics, clinical presentation, and laboratory, radiological and microbiological findings, as welt as therapy and clinical course were included in the analysis of prognostic factors Luminespib Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor of death.

Results: A total of 14 HIV-infected and 30 otherwise immunosuppressed patients were identified. The overall mortality rate was 63.6%. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that APACHE II score on day 1 and level of PEEP used on day 3 of respiratory failure were associated with higher hospital mortality. In a comparison between the HIV group and the non-HIV group, the early mortality rate was significantly higher in the HIV group, but late hospital mortality was not different between the two groups. Using a univariate logistic regression model, four parameters were found to be significantly associated with death in the HIV group: sex, APACHE II score on day 1, CMV co-infection, and level of PEEP on day 3 of ARE In the non-HIV group, corticosteroid use prior to diagnosis of PCP and level of PEEP on day 3 of ARF were found to be the significant parameters.

Conclusion: The mortality rate in patients with ARF caused by PCP was high.

No local recurrence or distant metastasis was detected in the oth

No local recurrence or distant metastasis was detected in the other four patients. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of the

spine is so rare in clinic as a primary aggressive vascular tumor. Based on our experience, a valid expanded resection of the tumor with adjunct radiation therapy or total en bloc excision may present with acceptable results.”
“The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is a cognitive screening tool used in clinical and research settings. Despite its role on the assessment of global cognitive functioning, the specific cognitive components required for test performance are still unclear. We aim to assess the role of executive functioning, global cognitive status, visuospatial abilities, and semantic knowledge on Shulman’s CDT performance. Fifty-three mild cognitive impairment, 60 Alzheimer’s dementia, and 57 normal elderly controls performed the CDT, the Frontal Assessment screening assay Battery, the Mini-Mental State Examination, LY2835219 in vitro the Stick Design Test, and a naming test (TN-LIN). An ordinal regression assessed specific neuropsychological influences on CDT performance. All the cognitive variables were related to the CDT, accounting for 53% of variance. The strongest association was between the CDT and executive functions, followed by global cognitive status, visuospatial processing, and semantic knowledge. Our result confirms the multidimensional nature of

the test and the major role of executive functions on performance.”
“Graphene displays promising features for biosensing applications. Electrochemical https://www.selleckchem.com/screening-libraries.html impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a very sensitive, label-free technique that is ideally suited

to be coupled with a graphene platform.

We discuss recent advances of graphene-based platforms for impedimetric genosensors and immunosensors. We also provide an overview on EIS and the preparation of graphene by different methods, which exhibit strong influence upon the function of the biosensor. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Intramedullary + extramedullary hemangioblastomas with largely extramedullary growth are rare and often incorrectly assigned as intradural-extramedullary tumors preoperatively. Preoperative evaluation of the precise tumor location is important for total resection of tumor and improving the surgical outcome. The aim of this study was to provide the first identification of the key differences among of preoperative MR images of hemangioblastomas in different locations and to correlate these with pathological findings. The subjects were 26 patients with surgery for spinal hemangioblastoma in our department, including 6 with an intramedullary tumor who were complicated with von Hippel Lindau disease. Intramedullary, intramedullary + extramedullary, and intradural-extramedullary tumors were present in 22, 3 and 1 cases, respectively.

Radiosensitivity, DNA damage, and

Radiosensitivity, DNA damage, and www.selleckchem.com/products/dorsomorphin-2hcl.html cell cycle measurements were made using standard clonogenic assays, immunofluorescent assessment of nuclear histone H2AX phosphorylated on serine-139 (gamma-H2AX) foci, and flow cytometry. Western immunoblotting and fluorescence confocal microscopy were used to analyse the changes in cellular proteins. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to compare levels of aurora A mRNA.

Results: Compared to C33aV cells, C33aE6 cells showed enhanced radiation cell killing. This was associated with a large amount of polyploidy

which was followed by late cell death in C33aE6 cells. Aurora A was highly expressed in C33aE6 cells at pre- and post-irradiation times compared to C33aV cells. Silencing aurora A resulted in a reduced amount of residual gamma-H2AX foci in C33aE6 cells, and diminished the difference in radiosensitivity between the C33aE6 and C33aV cells.

Conclusion: Our in vitro results indicate that genetic instability could be augmented in the HPV-infected cancer cells by up-regulation of aurora A, especially against a background of dysfunctional p53. Further studies are needed to examine whether aurora A could be a viable

therapeutic target in HPV-related tumours.”
“We present a general theoretical approach that combines the iterative technique with the nonlinear transfer matrix method to solve the general problems of three-wave mixing with pump depletion in nonlinear multilayer structures. The theoretical model is directly derived from nonlinear coupled wave equations, shows find more fast numerical convergence and maintains conservation of total energy perfectly for general structures. We have employed this approach selleckchem to discuss second harmonic

generation in photonic bandgap crystals with slow light effect and obtained a conversion efficiency of about 25% for both the forward and backward second harmonic waves. The detailed wave evolution process and energy conversion mechanism of sum frequency generation and difference frequency generation in perfect and imperfectly quasiphase-matching structures have been systematically investigated and their subtle and strong dependence on the initial conditions of incident waves has been revealed. The developed theoretical approach can be very useful for efficient and quantitative analysis of various nonlinear optical problems and help to design optimum nonlinear multilayer structures for specific high-efficiency nonlinear three-wave mixing processes. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3556739]“
“Purpose: To identify genes responsible for the radiosensitivity, we investigated the role of the differential gene expression profiles by comparing radioresistant H1299 with radiosensitive H460 lung cancer cell lines.

Materials and methods: mRNA profiles of lung cancer cell lines were assessed using microarray, and subsequent validation was performed with qRT-PCR (Quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction).